Chlamydia is renowned for its capability to resurface after a period as long as 17 – 18 years.Can chlamydia be dormant? Of course, but because of this one finds it difficult to find the exact amount of people infected. There were 1,441,771 infected people in the year 2014 in US. However, the figure is more likely to be 2.87 million. It runs rampant due to its inherent nature to remain ‘undercover’.
People who are more susceptible
This silent disease is more prevalent among young couples. Any sexually active person can become infected. There is more chance for this infection in people who indulge in insertive coupling. If they have anal, vaginal or oral sex, they are likely candidates for an infection especially if one of the partners has any form of STD.
If during urination you have any peculiar sensations like tingling or burning you should have a check-up. Same if you develop unusual sores. Since young people will get affected more quickly, and they often ignore any mild irritation, this will spread like wildfire inside their social circles. If you see or hear about any person beginning to show signs of ailment, you should immediately warn others. You must also take care to avoid mingling in that circle of friends until you are sure it is alright to do so.
Bacterium responsible for Chlamydia
The bacterium chlamydia trachomatis causes the disease. All three Urethritis, cervicitis and proctitis can be seen in women while only the first two diseases manifest in males. This bacterium can only exist in the cervix, the fallopian tube, the cornea of your eye, or the urethra.
However, if you touch this with your hand or your buttocks, you will not become infected. Only when the specific conditions for its existence is fulfilled, it will infect you. The conditions in a swimming pool is not conducive since the amount of water is too large. In addition, there would be chlorine in the water that acts as a deterrent.You need have no fear of becoming infected by sharing the pool with someone who has this ailment.
Of late in the developing world, a new kind of disease is emerging. Proctitis occurs mostly among males that couple with males. The bacterium lymphogranuloma venereum is a related disease bacterium like chlamydia.
Manifestations commonly seen
This ailment leads to more severe complications like chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease and tubal factor infertility. However, in many cases the afflicted persons fail to show any physical signs indicative of disease. For this reason, incubation period cannot be defined with any degree of accuracy. That is why people ask this question, “Can chlamydia be dormant? Yes, most certainly.
Those females who are affected and show signs, whitish discharge will occur. This is while the infection is in the region of their cervix. Occasionally, this may be in the urethra. At the later stages, the disease will spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes. Now it is called pelvic inflammatory disease and even now there might not be any outward manifestations.
Those who have acute form will experience the following symptoms:
- Pain in abdomen region or in pelvis — women
- Tenderness of either or both uterus or cervix — for women
- Discharge from the urethra that is watery — for men
- Swelling and/or pain in the testicles (in a few cases) — for men
Reactive arthritis is a complication you can expect. If this occurs when the woman is pregnant, then there is increased chances for delivery that is preterm. The newborn might become infected by eye diseases of the cornea or infections of the lungs.
Analysis for this ailment should take place either by self-examination or by a nurse. Specimens are collected usually as swabs from the penis or vagina or simply urine. Most common tests would comprise of these:
- Cell culture
- Nucleic acid amplification tests — NAATs
Dealing with Silent Disease
Treatment consists of antibiotic course. This dose is given for a 7-day period. During this period, they have to abstain from sex. If symptoms reappear, then the person has to report to the clinic for re-evaluation. Also, since there might be no signs, you should take initiative and go in for a checkup once a year at least.
As already mentioned, the bacterium needs optimum conditions to spread. But there are chances of the person being asymptomatic. A flare up is possible after several years. Any severe illness that causes alteration in the immune system of the person (cold, viral infection, cancer) could result in the flare up. The safest way to limit the possibility of this is by taking precautions when you have intercourse. Either you or your partner should wear protective gear. Reduce the number of people who you interact with in your adventures.