Aneurysm refers to a blood vessel that is bulging due to weakening of the walls of the blood vessel. Medical health care tips recommend becoming familiar with the symptoms and dealing promptly with this disease. This ailment can occur at any place but is usually formed in the abdominal area and chest region of the aorta. We classify them according to the place of occurrence. Often the symptoms are not easy to detect until it is well developed. CDC puts the figure for the death by aneurysm at 25,400 every year. Brain aneurysm figures are 28,500 with 42% proving fatal.
Symptoms of ailment
When the ailment occurs near the skin surface, you can see the throbbing blood vessel or a passive lump. Otherwise if the aneurysm is within the body or in the brain, we cannot see it or feel it physically. The signs of ruptured aneurysm are given below. If not treated immediately, the person is most likely to die.
- Increase in heart rate
- Episodes of dizziness
- Loss of consciousness
At times, the ailment can cause ringing sound in the ears. When rupture happens, person experiences the above symptoms. The risk of death increases.
Types of aneurysm
Mainly we classify the types according to where they are found on the body. However, we may also typify them according to the morphology – that is the size, shape and form.
- Arterial aneurysm
- Aortic aneurysm
- Intracranial aneurysm
- Aneurysm in other places of body
- Behind the knee
- In the intestine
- In the spleen
- Thoracic aneurysm
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Aneurysm in the heart
- Mesenteric artery aneurysm
- Splenic artery aneurysm
Cause of disease
When the size of the aneurysm increases, danger of rupture increases. Usual causes of this ailment are related diseases and infections. Here they are as in the following:
- Brain infections
- Advanced stages of syphilis infection
- Genetic reasons
- Cirsoid aneurysm
- Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm
- Copper deficiency
Strokes could lead to formation of aneurysm in the brain. Vasculitis is brain disease condition that results in inflamed blood vessels in the brain. Aneurysm can occur within the tuberculosis cavity. This is called Rasmussen’s aneurysm. Syphilitic aortitis causes the outer layer of the blood vessel to swell. This spreads to aorta and vasa vasorum, which supplies blood to the blood vessel. This affects people who are less than 50 years old.
At times, a hard fall or a bump can damage the artery and lead to aneurysm. This type of cirsoid aneurysm usually occurs on the head. Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm usually is inherited and the diagnosing physician will check to eliminate the possibility of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or Marfan syndrome.
Copper deficiency makes blood vessels weak. It results in varicose veins, and hemorrhoids apart from resulting in aneurysms. Peripheral vascular diseases are caused by atherosclerosis. In simple terms, it is the narrowing of arteries due to hardening of vessel walls. It can also result in strokes and heart attacks. Splenic artery supplies oxygen-filled blood to the spleen. Pregnancy increases the chances of rupture of splenic artery aneurysm.
High blood pressure and lifestyle that contributes to high cholesterol increases the risk of become afflicted.
- People who consume fat rich diet
- Pregnant women
- Family history of heart attacks
- Obese persons
Weak veins are hereditary. Heavy exercising can aggravate this condition. The kind of lifestyle affects health of blood vessels.
How to avoid becoming afflicted?
One must avoid over-indulgence. Over eating, smoking, drinking all contributes to health damage. Nicotine makes blood vessel walls thin while increasing cholesterol levels.
- Eat healthy
- Regular exercise
- Avoid disease prone locations
- Quit smoking
- Annual checkups
A good way to avoid health problems is through regular checkups. Eat fiber rich food and include garlic or take garlic capsules. It adds strength to blood vessels. Avoid sugar in your meal. Exercise for at least half-an-hour every day. This lessens stress and lowers blood pressure and strengthens blood vessels. Oats are nourishing and help eliminate bad cholesterol. It has beta glucan a soluble fiber which does this.
Diagnosis for aneurysm
You can do these tests at your clinic or at the health care center.
- Ultrasound methods
- Physical examination
Depending on the location and size of the aneurysm, the doctor may recommend surgery to correct the swelling. At times he or she might advise you to wait and see whether the swelling is increasing or decreasing.
- Endovascular stent graft
- Medication to treat high blood pressure
For dealing with brain aneurysm, a steel coil or a clip may be used to make the aneurysm clot and prevent rupture. To support the weak spot in the artery, a soft, thin delivery catheter places a very soft plastic supported by a steel mesh inside the artery. It has the stent graft that is the plastic tube completely seals the area where the aneurysm is present. This prevents rupture.
Beta-blockers slow the rate of the heartbeat and decrease the intensity of the pumping by the heart. This slows the amount of blood flowing inside the blood vessel. Propranolol, acebutolol, timolol, lopressor and Inderal are some common beta-blockers. Alpha-blockers on the other hand dampen the nerve impulses that instruct the blood vessel to become tighter. Some examples are prazosin and terazosin. Diuretics for dealing with blood pressure form the first choice of treatment for doctors. It removes salt and water in the blood and this outcome reduces amounts of blood in the vessels which consequently makes the pressure drop.