Recognizing Signs of Aneurysm and Treating It

posted in: Treatment | 23

Aneurysm refers to a blood vessel that is bulging due to weakening of the walls of the blood vessel. Medical health care tips recommend becoming familiar with the symptoms and dealing promptly with this disease. This ailment can occur at any place but is usually formed in the abdominal area and chest region of the aorta. We classify them according to the place of occurrence. Often the symptoms are not easy to detect until it is well developed. CDC puts the figure for the death by aneurysm at 25,400 every year. Brain aneurysm figures are 28,500 with 42% proving fatalRegular checkups will reduce the risk of aneurysm..[toc]

Symptoms of ailment

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When the ailment occurs near the skin surface, you can see the throbbing blood vessel or a passive lump. Otherwise if the aneurysm is within the body or in the brain, we cannot see it or feel it physically. The signs of ruptured aneurysm are given below. If not treated immediately, the person is most likely to die.

  • Increase in heart rate
  • Episodes of dizziness
  • Bleeding
  • Pain
  • Confusion
  • Weakness
  • Sweating
  • Loss of consciousness

At times, the ailment can cause ringing sound in the ears. When rupture happens, person experiences the above symptoms. The risk of death increases.

Types of aneurysm 

Mainly we classify the types according to where they are found on the body. However, we may also typify them according to the morphology – that is the size, shape and form.

  1. Arterial aneurysm
  2. Aortic aneurysm
  3. Intracranial aneurysm
  4. Aneurysm in other places of body
    • Behind the knee
    • In the intestine
    • In the spleen
  5. Thoracic aneurysm
  6. Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  7. Aneurysm in the heart
  8. Mesenteric artery aneurysm
  9. Splenic artery aneurysm

Cause of disease

When the size of the aneurysm increases, danger of rupture increases. Usual causes of this ailment are related diseases and infections. Here they are as in the following:

  1. Brain infections
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Advanced stages of syphilis infection
  4. Genetic reasons
    1. Cirsoid aneurysm
    2. Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm
  5. Copper deficiency
  6. Atherosclerosis
  7. Pregnancy

Strokes could lead to formation of aneurysm in the brain. Vasculitis is brain disease condition that results in inflamed blood vessels in the brain. Aneurysm can occur within the tuberculosis cavity. This is called Rasmussen’s aneurysm. Syphilitic aortitis causes the outer layer of the blood vessel to swell. This spreads to aorta and vasa vasorum, which supplies blood to the blood vessel. This affects people who are less than 50 years old.

At times, a hard fall or a bump can damage the artery and lead to aneurysm. This type of cirsoid aneurysm usually occurs on the head. Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm usually is inherited and the diagnosing physician will check to eliminate the possibility of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or Marfan syndrome.

Copper deficiency makes blood vessels weak. It results in varicose veins, and hemorrhoids apart from resulting in aneurysms. Peripheral vascular diseases are caused by atherosclerosis. In simple terms, it is the narrowing of arteries due to hardening of vessel walls. It can also result in strokes and heart attacks. Splenic artery supplies oxygen-filled blood to the spleen. Pregnancy increases the chances of rupture of splenic artery aneurysm.

Who is susceptible?Near skin surface you see bulge and throbbing vein.

High blood pressure and lifestyle that contributes to high cholesterol increases the risk of become afflicted.

  • People who consume fat rich diet
  • Smokers
  • Pregnant women
  • Family history of heart attacks
  • Obese persons

Weak veins are hereditary. Heavy exercising can aggravate this condition. The kind of lifestyle affects health of blood vessels.

How to avoid becoming afflicted?

One must avoid over-indulgence. Over eating, smoking, drinking all contributes to health damage. Nicotine makes blood vessel walls thin while increasing cholesterol levels.

  1. Eat healthy
  2. Regular exercise
  3. Avoid disease prone locations
  4. Quit smoking
  5. Annual checkups

A good way to avoid health problems is through regular checkups. Eat fiber rich food and include garlic or take garlic capsules. It adds strength to blood vessels. Avoid sugar in your meal. Exercise for at least half-an-hour every day. This lessens stress and lowers blood pressure and strengthens blood vessels. Oats are nourishing and help eliminate bad cholesterol. It has beta glucan a soluble fiber which does this.

Diagnosis for aneurysm

You can do these tests at your clinic or at the health care center.

  • Ultrasound methods
  • Physical examination
  • X-rays

Aneurysm will rupture leading to death if you do not take treatment.Treatment for aneurysm 

Depending on the location and size of the aneurysm, the doctor may recommend surgery to correct the swelling. At times he or she might advise you to wait and see whether the swelling is increasing or decreasing.

  1. Endovascular stent graft
  2. Medication to treat high blood pressure

For dealing with brain aneurysm, a steel coil or a clip may be used to make the aneurysm clot and prevent rupture. To support the weak spot in the artery, a soft, thin delivery catheter places a very soft plastic supported by a steel mesh inside the artery. It has the stent graft that is the plastic tube completely seals the area where the aneurysm is present. This prevents rupture.

Beta-blockers slow the rate of the heartbeat and decrease the intensity of the pumping by the heart. This slows the amount of blood flowing inside the blood vessel.  Propranolol, acebutolol, timolol, lopressor and Inderal are some common beta-blockers. Alpha-blockers on the other hand dampen the nerve impulses that instruct the blood vessel to become tighter. Some examples are prazosin and terazosin. Diuretics for dealing with blood pressure form the first choice of treatment for doctors. It removes salt and water in the blood and this outcome reduces amounts of blood in the vessels which consequently makes the pressure drop.

23 Responses

  1. My friend Hilda had a bulge on her arm. She had it operated and now she is all right.

  2. We did not realize it at the time, but my neighbor died suddenly and we came to know of this aneurysm thing. If they had known about it, the life could have been saved.

  3. I never realized that smoking could weaken the blood vessels. I must stop it immediately.

  4. This is frightening. How can we be sure that we do not have aneurysm inside the body? I must take steps to be safe. Thanks for writing about this here in medical tips.

  5. Lafayette

    Aneurysm is serious and we must have a regular checkup. This will help us reduce the risk.

  6. This is true, I got aneurysm about a year back. I did not recognize the swelling in the arm until one of my freinds told me that I have to get it treated. I had an operation and now it is under control.

  7. Sol Gibson

    People with high blood pressure must be careful indeed. I am happy to read such news on medical subjects always.

  8. Satwinder

    One of my friends got this big swelling and went to hospital. The doctors operated on him and the swelling was removed. Now he is okay.

  9. Thaku Nikolai

    Do we need to see the bulging blood vessel or can we begin treatment at once?

  10. John McCormack

    It all depends on the symptoms. If you are definite that the signs point to an aneurysm, then you must begin treatment at once. Prompt action will save lives.

  11. Ali Foosa

    How can we see blood vessels? What will happen?

  12. John McCormack

    If an aneurysm occurs on the superficial blood vessel you will see it bulging. However, if it is interior then you cannot see the bulging blood vessel. You can recognize the symptoms like pain, bleeding or the person falls unconscious when the rupture happens. Immediate treatment can save the life of the person.

  13. Bourne

    So, we must reduce the salt. Is that it?

  14. John McCormack

    Yes, it will help. Regular exercise and a balanced diet will help you avoid this.

  15. Laurie Gomez

    Why does this blood clot form?

  16. Laurie Gomez

    So, why does this blood clot form?

  17. Laurie Gomez

    This happens when the walls of the blood vessel become thin and weak. It no longer has the strength to withstand the pressure of the blood. Then it bulges out and may soon erupt.

  18. John McCormack

    This happens when the walls of the blood vessel become weak and thin. It no longer has the strength to withstand the pressure of the blood flow. Then, it bulges and may soon erupt.

  19. Chibosaur

    Hello, doctor. How likely am I to develop aneurysm?

  20. John McCormack

    It depends on your lifestyle and health. If you are not overweight or do not have a family history of heart attacks, then you will probably not have any problem.

  21. Chibosaur

    You are right doctor, I do not have any of those bad habits. But, what about those who have?

  22. John McCormack

    Those who have more weight or those who smoke have more chances of developing aneurysm. Regular health check-up will help you.

  23. Chibosaur

    Check up is the best thing. Thanks doctor.

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