This painful ailment usually occurs for young men who sit for long periods in the course of the day. Usually they are drivers of vehicles or operators of machines who are unable to move out of their chair for hours at an end. The pilonidal cyst is a sac that causes pain and often bleeds. Foul smell is emitted due to this.
People Who Are More At Risk
Pilonidal cyst recovery time varies. The people who are more likely to become afflicted by this ailment are given below.
- Have inactive lifestyle
- Have excess hair
- Hair is stiff
- Sit for long time while working
This does not mean that others are not at risk. Even women and thin people might develop this ailment.
Questions that your doctor is likely to ask you
- Do you have pain or irritation? How severe is it?
- What kind of work are you doing? Do you need to sit up right through the day?
- Are you running a temperature?
- Is there any supplements/medication you take regularly?
- Is there any time when your symptoms improve and pain decreases?
- When did you first notice the signs and the pain?
- What makes the symptoms worse?
- Have you taken any medicines for this?
- Is this the first time you had this problem?
- What is your normal diet? Do you eat any special food stuff?
Causes for Occurrence of Pilonidal Cyst
Hair in the buttock area becomes an irritant when you press down on it for a long time. The body responds to the intrusion of the hair as if it were an invader and forms a cyst around it. Other causes are dirt and friction.
- Sitting for extended periods
- Dirt or hair
- Excessive sweating
- Poor hygiene
Symptoms of This Ailment
Cyst usually occurs in the buttock region. However, it might also be seen in the genital region, armpit or navel region. We also see occasions when the patients will be asymptomatic. In those people who show signs of ailment, we find the following:
- Pain the region where the person has cyst formation
- Moisture in the region that is not usual
- Blood or purulent discharge (pus) from the cyst
- Pain when body movement affects the involved region
- Foul smell
Treatment and Medicaton
The treatment is simple enough. The physician will inject the area where the cyst is formed with anesthetic. Once the region becomes numb, the doctor will make a tear in the cyst. This will allow the pus to drain out. Usually the cyst will reappear. The procedure is repeated. If there is no hope that the cyst will stop appearing, then surgical intervention may be needed. By adopting this, you remove the cyst entirely.
The simplest of procedures will be to make an incision and drain the cyst. This is uncomplicated and will hardly take any time at all. The second is marsupialization. This goes one step further. After draining the hair and pus is removed. The edges then are sewed close. While this option is not a necessity, the doctor may do this in order to prevent infection or further recurrence. The tract thus is now attached to the wound edge. This pouch-like incision will take 40 — 50 days to heal. To be on the safe side you can say that the pilonidal cyst surgery recovery time is 60 days.
As with all kinds of surgical procedures, you will have risks associated with this too. There might be unforeseen injury or bleeding. You could also develop complications due to allied medical conditions that you have at the time of the surgery.
Prevention of Recurrence
If you underwent surgery for removal of pilonidal cyst, you should see to it that you observe certain steps. This will help you prevent the recurrence.
- Shave the area around the wound site
- Clean the wound with antiseptic lotion and water morning and night
- Replace dressing as required
- Try not to sit up often or put pressure on the place where you have the wound
- If overweight, try to reduce your weight
- If diabetic, pay attention to your diet
- If you have a choice, opt for leaving the wound open since this will help it to heal faster
If you do not undertake the proper treatment, there is a slight possibility that you could develop squamous cell carcinoma (skin cancer).
Bottom line on Pilonidal Cyst Surgery Recovery Time
For all normal cases, recovery time will be 2 months if not sooner. If complications set in or the patient has diabetes or related diseases, the recovery time will be lengthened considerably. Chances of recurrence is high especially for those who are having it for the first time. This is especially so if the doctor decides to sew the wound shut instead of leaving it open.